Monday, July 15, 2013

Watch Out for Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion

It's hot out there!  Be aware of heat stroke and Heat Exhaustion.

Heat Stroke
Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition. Seek immediate medical attention if you, or someone you know, is suffering from heat stroke. Heat stroke occurs when the body cannot cool itself, usually when sweating stops and the internal (core) temperature of the body becomes too high. Children, seniors, outdoor workers and sports enthusiasts are most susceptible to heat stroke.

Causes:
·         The inability of the body to cool itself after prolonged exposure to extreme heat

Preventing Heat Stroke:
  • ·         Keep cool – take frequent breaks when working or playing outdoors in extreme heat
  • ·         Wear light – colored clothes and hat – they reflect heat from the Sun
  • ·         Avoid strenuous work or sports activities during the intense sunlight hours from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.
  • ·         Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day such as water, juice or sports drinks
  • ·         Do not drink caffeinated drinks or alcoholic beverages – they accelerate the effects of heat stroke


What to look for:
  • ·         Headache
  • ·         Dizziness
  • ·         Disorientation, agitation or confusion
  • ·         Sluggishness or fatigue
  • ·         Seizures
  • ·         Hot dry skin
  • ·         Increased body (inner) temperature
  • ·         Loss of consciousness
  • ·         Raid heart beat
  • ·         Hallucinations


Treatment:
  • ·         Call 9-1-1 immediately – heat stroke can be deadly
  • ·         Move the person to a cool and dry place
  • ·         Apply cool water to skin and reapply often
  • ·         Fan the wet skin
  • ·         Apply the ice to head, neck, armpit and groin areas
Be safe and have fun.

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